Archaeological Survey and Testing at Rancho de las Cabras, Wilson County, Texas
During summer 1980 a program of archaeological survey and testing was carried out by the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, for the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department at the site of Rancho de las Cabras near Floresville, Texas. The site is reputed to be the livestock ranch of Mission San Francisco de la Espada in the late 18th century. Large areas of the site were surveyed to determine if prehistoric sites were present. The limits of the historic occupation were determined through surface survey and shovel testing. Archaeological testing within and adjacent to the historic ruins located architectural and cultural features which will need further excavation and study. The depth and composition of the historic deposits throughout the site were tested and recorded. A map of the compound was prepared in cooperation with professional surveyors provided by the Parks and Wildlife Department. Recommendations for future historical and archaeological research are included in the report.