Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1986

Abstract

CONTENTS

Foreword ........................................................................................................................... v

Kent T. Adair

Preface ............................................................................................................................. vii

SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION

An Introduction to Wilderness and Natural Area Management ......................... 2

David L. Kulhavy, Richard N. Conner, Fred E. Smeins, and Michael H. Legg

Wilderness: Important Legal, Social, Philosophical and Management Perspe

ctives ................................................................................................................................ 5

John C. Hendee

What's in a Name: Perspectives on Wilderness Management .......................... 12

Paul F. Barker

Wilderness Management Issues and Recommended Solutions ....................... 15

Larry N. Phillips

Why Have Wilderness? ................................................................................................ 19

Peter C. Kirby

Does Public Involvement Help Wilderness Management Decisions? ............. 30

Howard Orr

SECTION 2: WILDLIFE

Wildlife in Eastern Wilderness and Natural Areas ................................................. 34

Richard N. Conner

Wilderness Management: A Perspective on furbearers .................................... 36

Edward P. Hill

Wilderness Preserves and Small Mammals in the Ea stern United States ... 44

David L. Schmidly

Habitat Needs of Black Bears in the East .............................................................. 49

Michael R. Pelton

Wilderness Areas: Impact on Gray and fox Squirrels ........................................ 54

Jimmy C. Huntley

White-tailed Deer in Eastern Wilderness Areas ................................................... 62

Lowell K. Halls

Moose in Eastern Wilderness--A Role For Prescribed fire ............................... 68

Hewlette S. Crawford

The Effects of Wilderness on the Endangered Red·Cockaded Woodpecker . 71

Jerome A. Jackson, Richard N. Conner, and Bette J . Schardien Jackson

Raptors and Eastern Wilderness ............................................................................... 79

James D. Fraser

Wilderness as Wild Turkey Habitat in the Eastern United States .................... 85

James G. Dickson

Preferences of Visitors for Wildlife Species ......................................................... 89

Bruce C. Hastings and William E. Hammitt

Wilderness and Animal Disease Relationships ................................................... 94

Harry A. Jacobson

The Role of Eastern Wilderness and Natural Areas as Genetic Preserves . 98

W. Alex Wall and Carol K. Evans

The Dynamic Landscape Approach to Habitat Management .......................... 106

Raymond D. Dueser, Herman H. Shugart, Jr., and Edward F. Connor

SECTION 3: FOREST PROTECTION

Forest Protection ........................................................................................................ 114

David L. Kulhavy and David B. Drummond

Activities of Insects in Forests: Implications for Wilderness Area

Management ............................................................................................................... 115

Robert N. Coulson, Edward J . Rykiel, and D. A. Crossley, Jr.

Coping with Forest Insect Pests in Southern Wilderness Areas with Emphasis

on the Southern Pine Beetle .................................................................................... 120

Ronald F. Billings

Hazard Rating for Southern Pine Beetles on Wilderness Areas on the Na

tional Forests in Texas ............................................................................................. 126

James D. Smith and Wesley A. Nettleton

Why Control Southern Pine Beetle Infestations in Wilderness Areas? The

Four Notch and Huntsville State Park Experiences ........................................ 130

Ronald F. Billings and Forest E. Varner

Forest Pathology Considerations in Eastern Wilderness and Natural

Areas ............................................................................................................................. 136

Paul A. Mistretta

Integrated Pest Management Concepts and Application in Wilderness and

Natural Areas Management .................................................................................... 138

Gerard D. Hertel, Garland N. Mason, and Robert C. Thatcher

SECTION 4: MANAGEMENT ISSUES

An Introduction to Wilderness Management Issues ........................................ 146

Larry N. Phillips, Richa rd N. Conner, and David L. Kulhavy

Wilderness Characteristics and Values .............................................................. 148

George D. Davis

Indian Mounds Wilderness Area: Perceived Wilderneu Qualities and

Impacts of Oil and Gas Development .................................................................. 156

Kent E. Evans

Management of Oil and Gas Exploration in Big Thicket National Preserve 166

James C. Woods

Air Resource and Wilderness Management Issues .......................................... 172

Keith R. McLaughlin

Water Resource and Wilderness Management Issues .................................... 176

Keith R. Mclaughlin

Influence of Fire on the Longleaf Pine-Biuestem Range in the Big Thicket

Region ........................................................................................................................... 181

Geraldine E. Watson

The Role of Fire in the Appalachian Hardwoods ................................................ 186

Robert K. Strosnider

Towards a Fire Management Strategy in Eastern Mixedwood Forest Conser·

vation Areas ................................................................................................................ 191

Ross W. Wein

The Wilderness Management Challenge in Shenandoah National Park ..... 198

Robert R. Jacobsen

Can Wilderness Remain Untrammeled Without Restricting Use? A Case

History of Management in Shining Rock Wilderness ...................................... 203

Paul J. Wright

The Wilderness Manager and the Mass Media ................................................. 208

Thomas M. Webb, Jr.

SECTION 5: VISITOR NEEDS AND IMPACT

Visitor Needs and User Impact .............................................................................. 210

H. Ken Cordell, Michael H. Legg, and Karen E. Cathey

Eastern/ Western Wilderness Use and Users ................................................... 212

Franklin E. Boteler

Identifying Wilderness Management Issues Through an Interactive

Process ....................................................................................................................... 218

William J . Mclaughlin and Edwin E. Krumpe

User Perception of Backcounby Management Policies at Great Smoky

Mountains National Park ........................................................................................ 224

John H. Burde and Kevin A. Curran

Recreational Resource Impacts: Visitor Perceptions and Management Re·

sponses ..................................................................................................................... 229

Jeffrey L. Marion and David W. Lime

Providing Information for Management Purposes ......................................... 236

Joseph W. Roggenbuck and Alan E. Watson

Recreation in Eastern Wilderness: Do We Know What the Visitors Ex·

pect? .......................................................................................................................... 244

Alan E. Watson and Joseph W. Roggenbuck

Identification of Visitor Subgroup Differences to Facilitate Management De·

clsions ....................................................................................................................... 248

Cary D. McDonald and WUliam E. Hammitt

Resource Impacts of Recreation on Wilderness ........................................... 253

William E. Hammitt

Shining Rock Wilderness: Impacts of Dispersed Use .................................. 260

Paul Richard Saunders

Emerging Patterns in the Distribution of Roadies• Forested Areas in the

Midsouth ..................................................................................................................... 266

Victor A. RudJs

SECTION 6: VEGETATION

Management of Plant Communities in Wilderness Areas ............................. 274

J ack D. McCullough

Vegetation of the Roy E. Larsen Sandylands Sanctuary, Hardin Co., Tex·

•• ................................................................................................................................... 275

J . A. Matos and D. C. Rudolph

Floristic Composition and Management of East Texas Pitcher Plant Bogs 282

Elray S. Nixon and John R. Ward

Vegetal Development on Abandoned Oil/ Gas Drilling Sites In the Big

Thicket National Preserve ....................................................................................... 288

Michael S. Fountain

Twenty·seven Years of Over-Browsing: Implications to White-Tailed Deer

Management on Wilderness Areas ....................................................................... 294

James C. Kroll, William D. Goodrum, and Pamela J . Behrman

Floristic Aspects of the Upland Island Wilderness Area in East Texas ....... 304

John R. Ward

Bottomland Hardwood: Ecology, Management, and Preservation ............... 311

J im Neal and Jeff Haskins

Water Yield and Quality From Undisturbed Forested Watersheds in East

Texas ............................................................................................................................. 323

W. H. Blackburn and J . C. Wood

Llmnological Aspects of Upland Island: A Wilderness Area in East Texas 328

Jennifer A. Sidnell, Clarence W. Reed, and Jack D. McCullough

SECTION 7: GRASSLANDS AND SAVANNAHS

Grasslands and Savannahs: Ecology, Preservation Status and

Management ............................................................................................................ 338

Fred E. Smeins

Preservation Status of True Prairie Grassland and Ecological Concepts Rel

evant to Management of Prairie Preserves ..................................................... 339

Paul G. Risser

Oak-Hickory Savannahs and Transition Zones: Preservation Status and

Management Problems ......................................................................................... 345

Forrest L. Johnson

Fire-Dependent Savannas and Prairies of the Southeast: Original Extent,

Preservation Status, and Management Problems ......................................... 348

Cecil C. Frost, Joan Walker, and Robert K. Peet

The Pine Barrens of New Jersey and Associated Communities: Preservation

Status and Management Problems .................................................................... 358

Scott L. Collins, Charles T. Roman, and Ralph E. Good

Natural Forest Openings of the Eastern United States ................................ 366

H. R. DeSelm

Grasslands of Missouri: Preservation Status and Management Problems 376

Thomas E. Toney

Grasslands and Savannahs of East Central Texas: Ecology, Preservation Sta·

tus and Management Problems ............................................................................. 381

Fred E. Smeins and David D. Diamond

Role of Private Organizations in the Protection of Grasslands and Savan·

nahs ............................................................................................................................... 395

Rex R. Boner

SECTION 8: SUMMARY

Wilderness and Natural Areas in the East: Symposium Summary ............. 400

Robert C. Lucas

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