fusiform rust ( Cronatrium quercuum [Berk. ] Miyabe ex Shirai f . sp . tusiforme L. ) is a devastating disease in loblolly ( Pinus taeda L. ) and slash ( Pinus elliottii Englem. ) pine plantations throughout the southern United States . Pine stems infected with fusiform rust are subject to hazards such as wind breakage, and if a pine stem with a gall on it does survive to harvest, utilization of the infected stem piece may be down-graded from possible lumber to probable pulpwood or maybe completely discarded .
Schabenberger, O.; Greroire, T. G.; and Lenhart, J. David, "Project Report No. 38, Average Observed Fusiform Rust Transition Paths" (1995). Informal Project Reports. Paper 33.