Solidification/stabilization (S/S) of hazardous waste is a widely used technology; therefore, it is crucial to evaluate its effectiveness and make attempts to improve the technique. A better matrix for S/S of hazardous waste was designed that is effective and economically feasible. This was accomplished by adding bagasse (byproduct of milling or diffusing sugar cane) to the waste/cement matrix. Lead nitrate was used as the model heavy metal waste with a 10or 15% lead by weight to cement loading. Samples were cured for 7, 14, and 28 days at 24°C. Samples containing bagasse typically resulted in TCLP (modified) extract lead concentrations of approximately 0.5 mg/l of lead for all samples, while samples containing no bagasse bad lead extract concentrations of approximately 5 mg/l for 10%samples and 45 mg/l for 15%. Results indicate that using bagasse as an additive to cement effectively improved the S/S of lead.
Janusa, Michael A., "Solidification / Stabilization of Lead with the Aid of Bagasse as an Additive to Portland Cement" (2000). Faculty Publications. Paper 16.