The Biology Department's mission is to produce broadly trained biologists with the skills and knowledge that will prepare them to succeed in the biological field of their choosing. The academic programs offered have the intellectual breadth and academic rigor needed to achieve this objective. Goals to meet the mission: 1) Graduates will possess a fundamental knowledge of living organisms. 2) Graduates will possess critical thinking skills and be able to apply the scientific method to solve problems. 3) Graduates will appreciate and be able to describe the role that advances in biology play in our society.

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Submissions from 2016

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Forest Management Bolsters Native Snake Populations in Urban Parks, Xavier Bonnet, S. Lecq, J. L. Lassay, Jean-Marie Ballouard, C. Barbraud, J. Souchet, Stephen J. Mullin, and G. Provost

A Serosurvey Of Cats For Rickettsia Antibodies, Robert J. Wiggers

Submissions from 2015

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Morphologic and Taxonomic Analysis of the Weedy and Cultivated Amaranthus hybridus Species Complex, Dinesh Adhikary and Donald B. Pratt

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Investigation of Stilbenoids as Potential Therapeutic Agents for Rotavirus Gastroenteritis, Judith M. Ball, Fabricio Medina-Bolivar, Katelyn D. Defrates, Emily Hambleton, Megan E. Hurlburt, Lingling Fang, Tianhong Yang, Luis Nopo-Olazabal, Richard L. Atwill, Pooj Ghai, and Rebecca D. Parr

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Factors Influencing Schoolchildren's Responses to a Questionnaire in Wildlife Conservation Education, Jean-Marie Ballouard, Stephen J. Mullin, Rastko Ajtic, José Carlos Brito, El Hassan ElMouden, Mehmet Erdogan, Monica Feriche, Juan M. Pleguezuelos, Pavol Prokop, Aida Sánchez, Xavier Santos, Tahar Slimani, Bogoljub Sterijovski, Ljiljana Tomovic, Muhammet Uşak, Marco Zuffi, and Xavier Bonnet

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The Frequency of Ticks Carrying Rickettsia sp., Sarah C. Canterberry, Daniel J. Bennett, and Robert J. Wiggers

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Learning and Behavior in Reef Fish: Fuel for Microevolutionary Change?, J. A. Drew and Jennifer M. Gumm

Submissions from 2014

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Attack Intensity by Two Species of Territorial Damselfish (Pomacentridae) as Estimates of Competitive Overlap with Two Species of Wrasse (Labridae), A. Black, V. Imhoff, J. M. Leese, S. Weiman, Jennifer M. Gumm, M. Richter, and Murray Itzkowitz

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Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors Influence Expression of Defensive Behavior in Plains Hog‐Nosed Snakes [Abstract], Andrew M. Durso and Stephen J. Mullin

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Relationships between the Weedy (Amaranthaceae) and the Grain Amaranths [Abstract], Kiel D. Kielinski, Felix Jimenez, Eric N. Jellen, Peter J. Maughan, Scott M. Smith, and Donald B. Pratt

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Recent Findings of Olixon banskii in the Nearctic with Notes on Its Biology (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae), Volker Lohrmann, Zachary H. Falin, Daniel J. Bennett, and Michael S. Engel

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Assessing Multiple Endpoints of Atrazine Ingestion on Gravid Northern Watersnakes (Nerodia Sipedon) and Their Offspring [Abstract], L. A. Neuman-Lee, K. F. Gaines, K. A. Baumgartner, J. R. Voorhees, J. M. Novak, and Stephen J. Mullin

Submissions from 2013

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Mutational Analysis of the Rotavirus NSP4 Enterotoxic Domain that Binds to Caveolin-1, Judith M. Ball, Megan E. Schroeder, Cecelia V. Williams, Friedhelm Schroeder, and Rebecca D. Parr

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Male Association Preference for Conspecifics in the Redband Darter, Etheostoma luteovinctum (Teleostei: Percidae) Based on Visual Cues, Patrick J. Ciccotto, Jennifer M. Gumm, and Tamra C. Mendelson

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No Evidence for Color or Size Preference in Either Sex of a Dichromatic Stream Fish, Percina Roanoka, Patrick J. Ciccotto, Jennifer M. Gumm, and Tamra C. Mendelson

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Assessment of Genetic Diversity in Peruvian Amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus and A. hybridus) Germplasm Using Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Markers [Abstract], Felix Jimenez, Peter J. Maughan, Aquilino Alvarez, Kiel D. Kielinski, Scott M. Smith, Donald B. Pratt, David B. Elzinga, and Eric N. Jellen

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Differential Habitat Use by Common Watersnakes (Nerodia Sipedon), Lorin A. Neuman-Lee, Andrew M. Durso, Nicholas M. Kiriazis, Melanie J. Olds, and Stephen J. Mullin

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Effects of Storage Conditions on the Morphology and Titer of Lentiviral Vectors, H. Rahman, Josephine Taylor, Beatrice Clack, R. S. Stewart, and Sarah C. Canterberry

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Sexual Selection acting on a Speciation Trait in Darters (Percidae: Etheostoma), Tory H. Williams, Jennifer M. Gumm, and Tamra C. Mendelson

Submissions from 2012

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New Species of Macrocephalic Halictine Bees (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) [Abstract], Michael S. Engel, Ismael A. Hinojosa-Diaz, and Daniel J. Bennett

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Sex Recognition of Female-like Sneaker Males in the Comanche Springs Pupfish, Cyprinodon Elegans, Jennifer M. Gumm

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Sex Recognition of Female-like Sneaker Males in the Comanche Springs Pupfish, Cyprinodon Elegans, Jennifer M. Gumm

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Differences in Spectral Sensitivity Within and Among Species of Darters (genus Etheostoma), Jennifer M. Gumm, Ellis R. Lowe, and Tamra C. Mendelson

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A Contribution to the Knowledge of the Ochid Bes of the Los Amigos Biological Station, Peru (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Euglossini) [Abstract], R. Niemack, Ismael A. Hinojosa-Diaz, Daniel J. Bennett, and C. S. Chaboo

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Biodiversity and Biogeography of Sakhalin Island, T. W. Pietsch, V. V. Bogatov, S. Yu Storozhenko, A. S. Lelej, V. Yu Barkalov, H. Takahashi, S. L. Joneson, S. K. Kholin, K. A. Glew, J. A. Harpel, P. V. Krestov, E. A. Makarchenko, N. Minakawa, M. Ohara, Daniel J. Bennett, T. R. Anderson, R. L. Crawford, L. A. Prozorova, Y. Kuwahara, S. V. Shedko, M. Yabe, P. J. Woods, and D. E. Stevenson

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Linking Sexual Selection and Behavioral Isolation in a Colorful Species of Stream Fish, Etheostoma Barrenense (Abstract Only), Tory H. Williams, Jennifer M. Gumm, and Tamra C. Mendelson

Submissions from 2011

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A New Species of Quexua from Southeastern Peru (Hymenoptera, Crabronidae), Daniel J. Bennett

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Vegetation and Avian Response to Prescribed Fire on Glade Habitats in the Missouri Ozarks., Brent Burt, Christopher E. Comer, Andrea L. Bell, Brian P. Oswald, and Warren C. Conway

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Evolutionary losses of facial stripes in New World pitvipers, Brent Burt and Matthew Kwiatkowski

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Rotavirus NSP4: Cell Type-dependent Transport Kinetics to the Exofacial Plasma Membrane and Release from Intact Infected Cells, Thomas F. Gibbons, Stephen M. Storey, Cecelia V. Williams, Avery McIntosh, DeAnne M. Mitchel, Rebecca D. Parr, Friedhelm Schroeder, and Judith M. Ball

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Spectral Characteristics of Male Nuptial Coloration in Darters (Etheostoma), Jennifer M. Gumm, K. D. Feller, and T. C. Mendelson

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The Evolution of Multi-component Visual Signals in Darters (genus Etheostoma), Jennifer M. Gumm and Tamra C. Mendelson

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Management of Interactions Between Endangered Species Using Habitat Restoration, Jennifer M. Gumm, Jennifer L. Snekser, J. M. Leese, K. P. Little, J. K. Leiser, V. E. Imhoff, B. Westrick, and M. Itzkowitz

Submissions from 2010

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Interactions Between Inter- and Intrasexually Selected Behaviors in the Beaugregory Damselfish (Stegastes leucostictus), Jennifer M. Gumm, N. A. Van Breukelen, M. Draud, and Murray Itzkowitz

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Occurrence of Anisophylly and Anisoclady within the Amaranthaceae [Abstract], Donald B. Pratt and Lynn G. Clark

Submissions from 2009

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A Remarkable Tiphiiform Wasp in Mid-Cretaceous Amber from Myanmar (Hymenoptera: Tiphiidae), Michael S. Engel, Jaime Ortega-Blanco, and Daniel J. Bennett

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Thermoregulation of Male Elaphe Spiloides in an Agriculturally-Fragmented Forest in Illinois, C. Drew Foster, Sarabeth Klueh, and Stephen J. Mullin

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Fin-mutant Female Zebrafish (Danio rerio) Exhibit Differences in Association Preferences for Male Fin Length, Jennifer M. Gumm, Jennifer L. Snekser, and M. Kathryn Lovine

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Association Preferences of Unisexual Amazon Mollies (Poecilia formosa): Differential Response to Swords Based on Sex of the Bisexual Parental Species, Jennifer M. Gumm and Maria Thaker

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Demographics of a Geographically-Isolated Population of Threatened Salamander (Caudata: Ambystomatidae) in Central Illinois, Stephen J. Mullin and Sarabeth Klueh

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Snakes: Ecology and Conservation, Stephen J. Mullin and Richard A. Seigel

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A Primitive Aphidiine Wasp in Albian Amber from Spain and a Northern Hemisphere Origin for the Subfamily (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae), Jaime Ortega-Blanco, Daniel J. Bennett, Xavier Delclòs, and Michael S. Engel

Submissions from 2008

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The Ophionine Wasps of Hawaii (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), Daniel J. Bennett

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Pison Menkei, a New Crabronid Wasp in Dominican Amber, Daniel J. Bennett and Michael S. Engel

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Form, Function, and Fitness: Pathways to Survival., Brent Burt, James B. Johnson, and Thomas J. DeWitt

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Anoblepsis, a New, Bizarre Braconid Wasp Genus in Dominican amber (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), Michael S. Engel and Daniel J. Bennett

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Speed and Endurance Of Thamnophis hammondii Are Not Affected By Consuming the Toxic Frog Xenopus laevis, C. Drew Foster and Stephen J. Mullin

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Sexual Selection and Alternative Reproductive Tactics in Cyprinodon Elegans, Jennifer M. Gumm

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Conservation and Conflict Between Endangered Desert Fishes, Jennifer M. Gumm, Jennifer L. Snekser, and Murray Itzkowitz

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Development and Characterization of Microsatellite Markers for the Grain Amaranths [Abstract], Melanie A. Mallory, Rozaura V. Hall, Andrea R. McNabb, Donald B. Pratt, Eric N. Jellen, and Peter J. Maughan

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2C DNA Content Values in Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae) [Abstract], Donald B. Pratt, Shalini N. Jhangiani, and Robert J. Wiggers

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Variation in Surrounding Forest Habitat Influences the Initial Orientation of Juvenile Amphibians Emigrating from Breeding Ponds, Leroy J. Walston and Stephen J. Mullin

Submissions from 2007

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Assessment of Genetic Diversity in the USDA and CIP-FAO International Nursery Collections of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) Using Microsatellite Markers [Abstract], S. A. Christensen, Donald B. Pratt, C. Pratt, P. T. Nelson, M. R. Stevens, Eric N. Jellen, C. E. Coleman, D. J. Fairbanks, A. Bonifacio, and Peter J. Maughan

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Updated and New Amphibian and Reptile Records from Clark County, Illinois [Abstract], C. Drew Foster and Stephen J. Mullin

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Pair-bond Formation and Breeding-site Limitation in the Convict Cichlid, Archocentrus Nigrofasciatus, Jennifer M. Gumm

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Ultrastructure of Teliospores and Promycelium and Basidiospore Formation in the Four-Spored Form of Gymnoconia Nitens, One of the Causes of Orange Rust of Rubus, C. W. Mims, E. A. Richardson, and Josephine Taylor

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A New N-terminal Recognition Domain in Caveolin-1 Interacts with Sterol Carrier Protein-2 (SCP-2), Rebecca D. Parr, Gregory G. Martin, Heather A. Hostetler, Megan E. Schroeder, Kiran D. Mir, Ann B. Kier, Judith M. Ball, and Friedhelm Schroeder

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Selective Cholesterol Dynamics between Lipoproteins and Caveolae/Lipid Rafts, Stephen M. Storey, Adalberto M. Gallegos, Barbara P. Atshaves, Avery L. McIntosh, Gregory G. Martin, Rebecca D. Parr, Kerstin K. Landrock, Ann B. Kier, Judith M. Ball, and Friedhelm Schroeder

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Full-Length, Glycosylated NSP4 is Localized to Plasma Membrane Caveolae by a Novel Raft Isolation Technique, Stephen M. Storey, Thomas F. Gibbons, Cecelia V. Williams, Rebecca D. Parr, Friedhelm Schroeder, and Judith M. Ball

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Population Responses of Wood Frog (Rana Sylvatica) Tadpoles to Overwintered Bullfrog (Rana Catesbeiana) Tadpoles, Leroy J. Walston and Stephen J. Mullin

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Responses of a Pond-Breeding Amphibian Community to the Experimental Removal of Predatory Fish, Leroy J. Walston and Stephen J. Mullin

Submissions from 2006

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A New Moustache Wasp in Dominican Amber, with an Account of Apoid Wasp Evolution Emphasizing Crabroninae (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae), Daniel J. Bennett and Michael S. Engel

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Relationships among arthropods, herbaceous-shrub layer vegetation, and soil in an early succession pine stand., Brent Burt, Richard N. Conner, and Saenz Daniel

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Colony Site Choice of Blue-tailed Bee-eaters: Influences of Soil, Vegetation, and Water Quality., Brent Burt, Hsiao-Wei Yuan, Lee-Ping Wang, Wen-Lian Chang, Ming-Kuang Wang, Chyi-Rong Chiou, and Tzung-Su Ding

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Nest-Site Selection in the Eastern Box Turtle, Terrapene carolina carolina, in Illinois [Abstract], Beth A. Flitz and Stephen J. Mullin

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Do I Know You? Species Recognition Operates Within and Between the Sexes in a Unisexual–Bisexual Species Complex of Mollies, Jennifer M. Gumm, R. Gonzalez, A. S. Aspbury, and C. R. Gabor

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The Rotavirus Enterotoxin NSP4 Directly Interacts with the Caveolar Structural Protein Caveolin-1, Rebecca D. Parr, Stephen M. Storey, DeAnne M. Mitchell, Avery McIntosh, Minglong Zhou, Kiran D. Mir, and Judith M. Ball

Submissions from 2005

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The Malagasy Endemic Dendroportulaca (Portulacaceae) is Referable to Deeringia (Amaranthaceae): Molecular and Morphological Evidence [Abstract], Wendy L. Applequist and Donald B. Pratt

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A Primitive Sapygid Wasp in Burmese Amber (Hymenoptera: Sapygidae), Daniel J. Bennett and Michael S. Engel

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Rainfall, El Nino, and Reproduction of Red-cockaded Woodpeckers., Brent Burt, Richard N. Conner, Daniel Saenz, Richard R. Schaefer, James R. McCormick, and D. Craig Rudolph

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A Survey of Anuran Breeding Activity in Illinois, 1986-1989, Justin Florey and Stephen J. Mullin

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Abejas Altoandinas de Colombia: Guía de Campo, Victor H. Gonzalez, Monica Ospina, and Daniel J. Bennett

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Asexuals Looking for Sex: Conflict Between Species and Mate-quality Recognition in Sailfin Mollies (Poecilia latipinna), Jennifer M. Gumm and C. R. Gabor

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Antifungal Activity of Camptothecin, Trifolin, and Hyperoside Isolated from Camptotheca Acuminata, Shiyou Li, Zhizhen Zhang, Abigail Cain, Bo Wang, Melissa Long, and Josephine Taylor

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Evaluation of a New Method for Measuring Salamanders, Leroy J. Walston and Stephen J. Mullin

Submissions from 2004

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Plumage-based phylogenetic Analyses of the Meropsbee-eaters., Brent Burt

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Group Size and Nest Success in Red-cockaded Woodpeckers in the West Gulf Coastal Plain: Helpers Make a Difference., Brent Burt, Richard N. Conner, Daniel Saenz, Richard R. Schaefer, James R. McCormick, and D. Craig Rudolph

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Relationships Between Habitat and Snag Characteristics and the Reproductive Success of the Brown-headed Nuthatch (Sitta pusilla) in Eastern Texas., Brent Burt, L. Lynnette Dornak, Dean W. Coble, and Richard N. Conner

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Evidence of red-cockaded woodpecker nestling displacement by southern flying squirrels., Brent Burt, James R. McCormick, Richard N. Conner, and Daniel Saenz

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Euglandina Rosea (Férussac, 1821) Is Found on the Ground and in Trees in Florida, Elizabeth C. Davis, Kathryn E. Perez, and Daniel J. Bennett

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Radio Telemetry and Post-Emergent Habitat Selection of Neonate Box Turtles (Emydidae: Terrapene Carolina) in Central Illinois, Patrick Forsythe, Beth A. Flitz, and Stephen J. Mullin

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Descriiption of Asexual Reproduction in a Texas Succulent Sedum Wrightii (Crassulaceae), Dennis A. Gravatt and Josephine Taylor

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Caddisflies (Trichoptera) of the Kuril Archipelago, Noboru Minakawa, Tatyana I. Arefina, Tomiko Ito, Takao Nozaki, Naotoshi Kuhara, Hiroyuki Nishimoto, Makoto Uenishi, Valentina A. Teslenko, Daniel J. Bennett, Robert I. Gara, Kemper L. Kurowski, Pontus B.H. Oberg, Todd I. Ritchie, and Lucie J. Weis

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Snake (Colubridae: Thamnophis) Predatory Responses to Chemical Cues from Native and Introduced Prey Species, Stephen J. Mullin, Hélène Imbert, Jennifer M. Fish, Edward L. Ervin, and Robert N. Fisher

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The Agathidinae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Braconidae) of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, Michael J. Sharkey and Daniel J. Bennett

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Sterol Carrier Protein-2 Directly Interacts with Caveolin-1 in Vitro and in Vivo, Minglong Zhou, Rebecca D. Parr, Anca D. Petrescu, H. Ross Payne, Barbara P. Atshaves, Ann B. Kier, Judith M. Ball, and Friedhelm Schroeder

Submissions from 2003

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To The Knowledge of Trigonalyid Wasps (Hymenoptera: Trigonalyidae) of Sakhalin, Daniel J. Bennett and Arkady S. Lelej

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Site‐Selective in Vivo Targeting of Cytosine‐5 DNA Methylation by Zinc‐Finger Proteins, Christopher D. Carvin, Rebecca D. Parr, and Michael P. Kladde

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Biodiversity and Biogeography of the Islands of the Kuril Archipelago [Abstract], Theodore W. Pietsch, Victor V. Bogatov, Kunio Amaoka, Yuri N. Zhuravlev, Vyacheslav Y. Barkalov, Sarah Gage, Hideki Takahashi, Arkady S. Lelej, Sergey Y. Storozhenko, Noboru Minakawa, Daniel J. Bennett, Trevor R. Anderson, Masahiro Ôhara, Larisa A. Prozorova, Yasuhiro Kuwahara, Sergey K. Kholin, Mamoru Yabe, Duane E. Stevenson, and Erin L. MacDonald

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Blackspot Disease of Roses [Abstract], Robert J. Wiggers, Josephine Taylor, J. A. Margoitta, and S. G. Pandalai

Submissions from 2002

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Social and Breeding Biology of Bee-eaters in Thailand., Brent Burt

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An automated technique for monitoring nocturnal avian vocalizations., Brent Burt, James B. Johnson, Daniel Saenz, and Richard N. Conner

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Barking Up the Wrong Tree: Climbing Performance of Rat Snakes and Its Implications for Depredation of Avian Nests, Stephen J. Mullin and Robert J. Cooper

Submissions from 2001

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Delayed reproduction of translocated Red-cockaded Woodpeckers., Brent Burt, James R. McCormick, Richard N. Conner, and Daniel Saenz

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Amaranthus rudis and A. tuberculatus, One Species or Two? [Abstract], Donald B. Pratt and Lynn G. Clark

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Pycnothyrium Ultrastructure in Tubakia Dryina [Abstract], Josephine Taylor

Submissions from 2000

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Evolutionary stasis, constraint and other terminology describing evolutionary patterns, Brent Burt

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Influence of habitat use-patterns on cooperative breeding in the Brown-headed Nuthatch., Brent Burt and Albert Herb

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The Foraging Ecology of the Gray Rat Snake (Elaphe obsoleta spiloides). II. Influence of Habitat Structural Complexity when Searching for Arboreal Avian Prey, Stephen J. Mullin and Robert J. Cooper

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Home Ranges of Rat Snakes (Colubridae: Elaphe) in Different Habitats, Stephen J. Mullin, William H. N. Gutzke, Gary D. Zenitsky, and Robert J. Cooper